The first studies, that lead to the production of synthetic turf for
sports goals, goes back to 1960 in the research center of florida, north
Carolina and Alabama in America. The first tentative synthetic turf
pitch inaugurated in a school in Red Island in 1964.
After Monteral Olympic the use of synthetic turf was widely welcomed by
sports communities and manufacturers of the sports equipments, and
therefore, the United states of Americaand later European countries were
the forerunners of the emergence and development of technology for
synthetic turf in the world.
The first synthetic turf in Europe was installed in Holland in 1982, and
now majority of the sports areas of the world are practicing various
plays ad activities on the synthetic turf.
In 1960, after the building of baseball stadium in Huston. it was
revealed for some of the stadium builders that the natural lawn can not
grow and revive in the covered stadiums.
A chemical company was appointed to find a real solution to the problem.
The outcome was the equipment of the Astrodome with the first synthetic
turf made from pure nylon threads.
In 1970, following an American company, German company made synthetic
turf from polypropylene. This material presents lesser resistance than
nylon and it reduces the possible harm from scratches. Both materials
were made without any layer first, but later it was added to them. These
two production are termed first-generation synthetic turf lack of any
stuffy material is the dominant characteristic of this kind of turf.
The second-generation was produced by a Canadian company of the end of
1970s.they used polypropylene in the form of thin threads by double pile
more than the first generation.
More stitches were also used in this new type. this type of turf is
stuffed with round sand grains. it is, in fact, a product made of a
sand pit latticed with synthetic threads, the responsibility of which is
to keep the sand grains in place and hinder their movements around.
This product brought about a revolution in the synthetic turf industry.
Due to lesser use of threads, this type of turf caused the reduction
of prices about 50%.
Synthetic turf industry now takes advantage of results and experiences
of first and second-generation to develop a better and economical
third-generation. This third-generation of synthetic turf is called
"football turf", and footballers experience a play on it similar to
natural lawn. this system is a compound of plastic granule sand and
polytiline flats. when the players play on this type of system the
following characteristic are observed:
.The sport practical criteria like: turning and bouncing of the ball is
improved seriously in comparison with the first and second generation.
.The risk of hurts due to scratches is reduced.
.improvement in the solidity of the turf and safety of the player when
stopping from movement.
.the playground is soft enough to absorb the blows and stresses.
.the players shoes sit in the stuffy material of the synthetic turf so
as to sit in natural lawn.
-The first generation of synthetic turf
The distance between stitches, gauge 3/16
Pile height 10 – 12 mm
-The second generation
The distance between stitches, gauge 3/8
Pile height 20-30 mm
-The third-generation (football turf)
The distance between stitches, gauge 5/8
Pile height 50-60 mm